Spelling Rules and Lists

  This is the page where you can find the spelling rules and the lists of words we are learning in 5EB.

If you’ve lost your spelling list or just left it at school, don’t worry!

You can find everything you need on this page to help you to improve your spelling.

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14/09/15

Plurals (more than one)

  • Most words add ‘s’ to make the plural.
  • Add ‘es’ to words ending in ‘ch’, ‘sh’, ‘s’, ‘ss’, ‘x’ or ‘z’ to make the plural.
  • When the letter before a ‘y’ is a consonant, change the ‘y’ to an ‘i’ before adding an ‘es’.
  • When words end in ‘ay’, ‘ey’, ‘iy’, ’oy’, and ‘uy’ add an ‘s’ to make the plural.
  • When words end in ‘f’ or ‘fe’ change the ‘f’ or ‘fe’ to a ‘v’ before adding ‘es’.
  • When a word ends in an ‘o’ and comes after a consonant, add ‘es’ to make the plural.
  • Sometimes a word may completely change its form when a plural is made.
  • Sometimes a word may stay the same in both its singular and plural

         

house / houses                        sister / sisters                             fox / foxes

box / boxes                              switch / switches                        watch / watches

fairy / fairies                              dairy / dairies                             donkey / donkeys

wolf / wolves                            domino / dominoes                    volcano / volcanoes

tooth / teeth                             woman / women                        deer / deer

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21/09/15

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28/09/15

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05/10/15

Spellings – Double Consonants

Spelling: when to double a consonant before adding -ed or -ing to a verb

We add -ing to a verb to form its present participle, and -ed to regular verbs to form the past simple. When doing this, we sometimes double the last letter of the verb, as in these examples:

  • stop ⇒ stopped, stopping stoped stoping
  • refer ⇒ referred, referring refered refering

Sometimes, however, we don’t double the last letter, as with the verb visit:

  • visit ⇒ visited, visiting visitted visitting

Here’s the rule:

When to double a consonant before adding –ed and –ing to a verb
We double the final letter when a one-syllable verb ends in consonant + vowel + consonant.* stop, rob, sit stopping, stopped, robbing, robbed, sitting
We double the final letter when a word has more than one syllable, and when the final syllable is stressed in speech. beGIN, preFER beginning, preferring, preferred
If the final syllable is not stressed, we do not double the final letter. LISten, HAPpen listening, listened, happening, happened

In British English, travel and cancel are exceptions to this rule: travel, travelling, travelled; cancel, cancelling, cancelled.

* We do not double the final letter when a word ends in two consonants (-rt, -rn, etc.): start – starting, started; burn – burning, burned.

* We do not double the final letter when two vowels come directly before it: remain – remaining, remained.
* We do not double w or y at the end of words: play – playing, played; snow – snowing, snowed.

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12/10/15

Words with a Silent Letter – Set 1

The spellings this week are all words with silent letters.

bomb          climb          comb          design          doubt          fasten          foreign

ghastly          gnash          gnome          honest          knelt          knew          knife

knight          knock          know

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